Home > Tricks & Tips > ListView in one activity doesn’t refresh data sending another activity

ListView in one activity doesn’t refresh data sending another activity

There’s a problem in my previous post on Auto Receiving SMS that the ListView in MainActivity doesn’t refresh the underlying data which is sent from BroadcastReceiver.

The reason is:

– When application is load, the onCreate() of MainActivity is called, at this time there’s no point of new arriving message, and that’s done! Data will never update more to the ListView.

The solution:
– While SmsReceiver continuously waits for new message and sends it directly to MainActivity, the new message will be stored on the Intent of the automatically-triggered onNewIntent() method.

– What we need to do is to handle new message inside this method.

– This is the update version of MainActivity

package pete.android.study;

import java.util.ArrayList;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.widget.ListView;

public class MainActivity extends Activity {
    ListView mListData;
    ArrayList<SmsInfo> mListSms = new ArrayList<SmsInfo>();
    SmsInfoAdapter mAdapter;

    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {

        mListData = (ListView)findViewById(R.id.lvData);

    protected void onNewIntent(Intent data) {
    	ArrayList<SmsInfo> tmp = data.getParcelableArrayListExtra("ListSMS");
    	mListSms.add(tmp.get(tmp.size() - 1));

    	if(mAdapter == null) {
    		mAdapter = new SmsInfoAdapter(this, mListSms);

– Yes, at first time when new message arrives, the adapter is null and it should be created.

– The next time it’s not null but we need to notify the ListView about data changed.

Question here: why do I receive new message storing in a temp ArrayList instead of directly using mListSms itself?

The answer is: I don’t want to change the reference of data in which I already set into the adapter at the first time. Assigning mListSms to the new message ArrayList means to create new ArrayList<SmsInfo> not using the old one. If I do, the, calling of mAdapter.notifyDataSetChanged() won’t respond or do nothing because it doesn’t have reference to the old list. Also, the new message arriving always stays at last position in the sending list from SmsReceiver, so I just need to add the last item from temp list is enough.


Hope you learn something from this!



Pete Houston

  1. jim tsatsos
    January 8, 2012 at 7:59 pm

    it doesn’t seem to be working
    are there any changes needed to be done to the other classes?

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